Did Abraham speak with Jesus?

In Genesis 18 three men visits Abraham and promise that he would have a son through Sarah. Hearing this, standing at the tent door, Sarah laughs.

Gen 18:
13 And the LORD said to Abraham, “Why did Sarah laugh, saying, ‘Shall I indeed bear a child, when I am so old?’
14 “Is anything too difficult for the LORD? At the appointed time I will return to you, at this time next year, and Sarah will have a son.”

Abraham appears to speak to only one of the men. Christianity believes that this was the pre-incarnate Christ.

Nazarenes and Ebionites – and their beliefs

There is no complete agreement among scholars regarding these groups of Jewish followers of Jesus. From the Church fathers we can gather some ideas regarding their beliefs and practices. It appears that the early Jewish believers were known by both these names, but from the third century they became two distinct groups, with the Nazarenes adopting a more orthodox doctrine, but the Ebionites either adopted or retained a quite non-orthodox one.

Let’s consider some of these quotes.

Is Jesus saying Abraham, Isaac and Jacob are alive?

Jesus said the following in Matthew:

Matthew 22:32 “I am the God of Abraham, and the God of Isaac, and the God of Jacob? God is not the God of the dead, BUT OF THE LIVING”.

Did he mean that they were alive? To understand what he said, we need to consider Jewish thought.

Was Abraham a Jew? – a question asked

It depends who you ask 😉

The term “Jew” is derived from either Judah or Judaea, I am not sure, but it doesn’t really matter. What matters is how it was used. In the first century it was used of those who belonged to the religion of the covenant people. The race is referred to as Israelites, but the religion was Jewish. Thus, Paul can argue that those who were of the faith of Abraham were true Jews.

Thoughts on Romans 3 – the faith of Jesus

In Ch. 1 and 2 Paul establishes that the general condition of mankind – both Jews and Gentiles – is pretty bleak. There is a horrible sin problem in both camps (we have seen earlier that the language of the Bible is not all-inclusive). He then concludes:

Rom 3:19 Now we know that whatever the law says it speaks to those who are under the law [i.e. Jews], so that every mouth may be stopped, and the whole world may be held accountable to God. 20 For no human being will be justified in his sight by works of the law, since through the law comes knowledge of sin.